In 1864 Johannes Badrutt, owner of the guesthouse Faller St. Moritz (now the renowned Hotel Klum) gave its guests a British proposal that sounded like a provocation: come on holiday in the Engadine in winter. A proposal for those times very strange, given that the mountain was considered only a summer destination. To encourage its customers, Badrutt promised free lodging and travel reimbursed if the experience was not welcome and they found the mild and sunny climate that had promised. Thus he was born, 150 years ago, winter tourism and with it the sports related to the snow. In fact, the first alpine skiing in Swiss territory dates back to a few years ago, 15 to be precise. In 1849, Johann Josef Imseng, pastor of the Saas Valley, had to go down to help a patient. He tied two wooden boards at the feet and launched himself down the snowy slope. Here is the first descent on skis, from Saas-Fee to Saas Grund. At the turn of the ‘800 and’ 900 developed tobogganing, skating, hockey, curling, introduced by British tourists come and sports practiced by the elite. It was instead the development of skiing to make “popular” winter sports and the Winter Olympics in St. Moritz, in 1928, were it a real watershed in this regard. St. Moritz, Davos, Zermatt and Gstaad were the first town to develop and become known internationally after the war, and even today are destinations elite and must of winter tourism, especially in the collective imagination as in reality. The development of the lifts and trains – icon of the Swiss Alps – did the rest. Today in Switzerland there are 1,800 ski lifts and the Swiss mountains, where 150 years ago was invented winter tourism, they are still the favorite destinations for those who love to spend their winter holidays on skis.
We follow STEP BY STEP THE HISTORY OF SKIING AND WINTER SPORTS
1842-1843 – In Norway we organize the first race of cross-country and alpine skiing in the world among civilians. Previously confidential army.
1849 – The pastor of the Saas Valley, Johann Josef Imseng, making the first descent on skis from Saas-Fee to Saas Grund.
1864 – The challenge of Johannes Badrutt: British guests staying in St. Moritz from Christmas to Easter. Winter tourism was born.
1865 – Thanks to the findings of German doctor Alexander Spengler on the air healthy high mountain, come to Davos the first guests with lung disease. The small village of farmers began to build a reputation as a destination for well-being.
1868 – Alexander Spengler and Willem Jan Holsboer based in Davos the first Kurhaus.
1870 – British Tourists based in Davos the first Skating Club of Switzerland.
1871 – Willem Jan Holsboer founded the Davos Health Association.
1872 – The British built in St. Moritz, behind the Kulm Hotel, the first toboggan run. ￼￼￼￼￼￼5 ￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼1877 – Inauguration of the first natural skating rink in Davos, still the largest in Europe.
1879 – Held the first ski competition in Germany.
1880 – First curling tournament in the Alps to St. Moritz.
1884 – Opens the track Cresta Run in St. Moritz.
1888 – In St. Moritz the first tournament of ice hockey and the first winter season in Grindelwald.
1892 – British Tourists on holiday in Davos Curling Club founded the Belvedere.
1893 – Founding of the Ski Club Glarus, the first in Switzerland.
1894 – Sir Arthur Conan Doyle makes a ski tour between Davos and Arosa.
1895 – In St. Moritz the first structures were built for the ski jumping.
1896 – The Swiss Adolf Kind, who moved to Turin, exports skiing in Piedmont.
1898 and 1910 – Davos hosts five world championships in figure skating.
1899 – Inauguration of the Davos-Schatzalp cable car.
1900 – Opening of the sanatorium (now hotel) on Schatzalp.
1901 – born in Turin the first Italian Ski Club (followed by the one in Milan in 1902 and Genoa in 1903).
1902 – The first ski races in Zermatt.
1904 – Inauguration in St. Moritz bob run St. Moritz – Celerina.
1905 – born in Austria and in Germany the Ski Federations.
1906/1907 – Held the first horse race on the frozen lake of St. Moritz. It became the premise of the spectacular White Turf event, the only horse race in the world like that.
1909 – The hotel Lauterbrunnen remain open even in winter.
1910 – First European Championship of Hockey in Les Avants.
1911 – First Edition of the Roberts of Kandahar Cup Alpine skiing in Crans Montana.
1912 – A Muerren (Muerren-Allmendhuebel) and St. Moritz (St. Moritz – Chantarella) are built first funiculars.
1913 – A Grindelwald was founded the first club of Swiss curling.
1920 – Birth of the FIS, the Italian Federation of Skiing (Today this acronym refers to the International Ski Federation).
1922 – First slalom race in Muerren.
1924 – The first Winter Olympics in Chamonix. Among the disciplines cross-country skiing and ski jumping. 1
928 – Winter Olympics in St. Moritz and first “Inferno ski race” in Muerren. 6 ￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼
1929 – are opened to Zermatt and St. Moritz the first ski schools of Switzerland.
1930 – First race of the Lauberhorn.
1934 – In Davos opened the first T-bar lift in the world. In St. Moritz it held the 4th edition of the World Championships in Alpine skiing.
1936 – Debut alpine skiing at the Winter Olympics in Garmisch-Partenkirchen.
1948 – Winter Olympics in St. Moritz and the 10th edition of the World Championships in Alpine skiing.
1948 – started operating the lifts of Saas-Fee.